JERUSALEM — Benjamin Netanyahu’s obvious re-election as prime minister of Israel attests to a starkly conservative imaginative and prescient of the Jewish state and its folks about the place they’re and the place they’re headed.
They prize stability, in addition to the army and financial safety that Mr. Netanyahu has delivered.
Although they’ve by no means been safer, they continue to be afraid — particularly of Iran and its affect over their neighbors, towards which Mr. Netanyahu has relentlessly crusaded. They’re persuaded by his portrayal of those that problem him, whether or not Arab residents or the left, as enemies of the state. They take his resemblance to authoritarian leaders around the globe as proof that he was forward of the curve.
They credit score Mr. Netanyahu, whose strategic imaginative and prescient values energy and fortitude above all, with piloting Israel to unprecedented diplomatic heights and consider nonetheless extra is feasible. And they’re loath to let anybody much less skilled take the controls.
“Let’s be trustworthy with ourselves,” mentioned Michael B. Oren, a former Israeli ambassador to Washington. “Our financial system is superb, our overseas relations had been by no means higher, and we’re safe. We’ve bought a man in politics for 40 years: We all know him, the world is aware of him — even our enemies know him.”
Now, with a brand new time period and an expanded Likud social gathering, he has the prospect to kind an excellent bigger right-wing coalition of secular, ultra-Orthodox and even some extremist lawmakers — or, if he chooses, to attempt to forge a nationwide unity authorities that brings in centrists.
No matter he decides, although, Mr. Netanyahu has been afforded the chance to guide Israel via a severe turning level in its historical past as each a Jewish and a democratic state, if his authorized troubles don’t topple him first.
An election that was all about persona and character — whether or not Mr. Netanyahu’s seemingly indictment on corruption fees made him unfit to proceed within the job, or whether or not his fundamental challenger, the previous military chief Benny Gantz, was as much as it — left little room for problems with coverage.
By all of it, Mr. Netanyahu proved as soon as once more that his abilities, stamina and willingness to do what it takes to win are all unmatched in Israeli politics.
However severe considerations for Israel that had been primarily put aside within the marketing campaign are quick approaching. As he surpasses David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s founding chief, as its longest-serving prime minister this summer season, Mr. Netanyahu can be unable to disregard any of them for lengthy.
Peace with the Palestinians stays as unlikely as ever, regardless of the doable wild card of a long-awaited proposal from the Trump administration. Mr. Netanyahu’s right-wing allies, to whom he could also be much more beholden underneath his subsequent coalition, are champing on the bit to pursue annexation of the occupied West Financial institution.
In desperation to rally the pro-settler base, Mr. Netanyahu mentioned publicly three days earlier than the election that he would start making use of Israeli sovereignty to elements of the West Financial institution that the Palestinians demand for his or her future state. Opponents consider this is able to set off a brand new Palestinian rebellion, convey to fruition the apartheid regime the Israeli left has lengthy warned towards, or each.
Even with out annexation within the combine, Mr. Netanyahu’s settler- and ultra-Orthodox-dominated authorities, and his effusive embrace of President Trump, have quickly alienated Israel from predominantly liberal and less-observant American Jews, the most important diaspora neighborhood and a pillar of Israel’s safety since its founding.
Israel is turning into a partisan situation in america like by no means earlier than, already forcing these searching for the Democratic presidential nomination in 2020 — together with Bernie Sanders, Pete Buttigieg and Beto O’Rourke — to differentiate their help for Israel from their disapproval of Mr. Netanyahu’s insurance policies.
Lastly, although it has obtained little discover outdoors Israel, an influence battle between the judiciary — one of many nation’s final redoubts of assertive liberalism — and ascendant ethnonationalists has been constructing towards a showdown that would sharply alter the character of Israeli democracy.
Whereas conservatives have been working to curtail the Supreme Courtroom’s energy via laws, the court docket itself has been laying the groundwork to claim judicial assessment over even the so-called fundamental legal guidelines that Parliament considers the constructing blocks of an eventual structure, which Israel now lacks.
“Think about the American Supreme Courtroom judging the constitutionality of a part of the Structure itself,” mentioned Gadi Taub, a historian and Hebrew College professor who opposes settlements and annexation however helps a rollback of judicial authority.
Mr. Netanyahu has not led the hassle to rein within the Supreme Courtroom, however he has railed towards the authorized system as an entire, over the long-running police corruption investigations which have led to his anticipated indictment on bribery and fraud fees.
That marketing campaign, too, is anticipated to current a problem for Israel’s democratic system: Mr. Netanyahu is now virtually sure to attempt to extract a deal from his coalition companions to cross a regulation retroactively granting him immunity from prosecution.
Israelis have grown accustomed to Mr. Netanyahu’s bullish PowerPoint assessments of the nation’s situation: 10 years of uninterrupted financial progress, its best-ever credit standing, and diplomatic openings and new buying and selling companions in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Through the marketing campaign, additionally they bought used to clips exhibiting Mr. Trump granting recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and of Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights, each coveted nationwide targets.
Dorit Rabinyan, an creator who calls herself left-wing, mentioned Israelis feared Mr. Netanyahu’s exit as if they’d be “orphaned.” And he or she confessed to having a tinge of the identical feeling herself. “I’m anxious about it at the exact same time that I’m hopeful about it,” she mentioned.
Critics level to a yawning revenue hole between these prospering in Israel’s high-tech trade and people within the center class or residing outdoors the key cities. A housing crunch, overcrowded hospitals, clogged highways and a crushing value of residing are conserving many younger adults of their dad and mom’ properties and driving others to to migrate.
That gave Mr. Netanyahu’s opponents on the left and even the center-right ample ammunition.
“He’s supplied short-term income at a really excessive long-term worth,” mentioned Ari Shavit, a Jerusalem-born journalist who has adopted Mr. Netanyahu all through his profession. “Netanyahu’s Israel is mortgaged. And we’re going to pay dearly.”
Mr. Shavit mentioned the identical might be mentioned for Mr. Netanyahu’s failure to make use of Israel’s place of energy and strategic consolation — “this golden second” — to tackle its single most existential situation, the Palestinian battle; and for his exploitation of Mr. Trump’s largess at the price of “endangering the connection with Democratic America, youthful America and the subsequent administration in Washington.”
Mr. Taub mentioned he anticipated Mr. Netanyahu to proceed his decade-long observe of slow-walking settlement enlargement, as the best complains, and sabotaging peace talks, because the left complains.
“Gantz, along with his excessive discuss of values, optimism, change, gave the impression of Obama in 2008,” Mr. Taub mentioned. “However nobody in Israel thinks there’s actually an choice to annex the West Financial institution or make peace. So it is going to be the triumph of the established order.”
However Mr. Oren mentioned he believed Trump peace plan was forthcoming, and that Mr. Netanyahu was finest suited to achieve a deal, finally, regardless of how a lot his coalition companions fought it.
“It’s the outdated adage: The left makes battle, the best makes peace,” Mr. Oren mentioned. “Netanyahu can be extraordinarily loath to say no to Trump, which may show to be the success of that program.”
On the West Financial institution, nevertheless, few share that view.
Ghassan Khatib, a professor at Bir Zeit College and former spokesman for the Palestinian authorities, mentioned Mr. Netanyahu’s lengthy tenure had already left behind two devastating casualties: any hope for a two-state answer and any help for average Palestinian management, whose funding in a diplomatic answer to the battle Mr. Netanyahu has discredited.
Mr. Khatib mentioned that Mr. Netanyahu, by politically empowering the acute proper wing in recent times, had contributed to a radicalization that has made Israelis averse to peacemaking. “The Israel that we discuss now is just not the Israel we negotiated with 25 years in the past,” he mentioned. “I believe that Netanyahu’s taking us into some sort of apartheid actuality.”
It’s exactly as a result of Mr. Netanyahu has been so profitable that some on the left argue that his management is undermining Israeli’s seemingly irrepressible democracy.
Anshel Pfeffer, the creator of “Bibi,” a crucial biography of Mr. Netanyahu, mentioned he believed that by campaigning because the “indispensable man,” Mr. Netanyahu had “created a story the place it’s illegitimate or irresponsible to interchange him.”
“There’s a sure justification for that,” Mr. Pfeffer mentioned.
“The left wing at all times mentioned, ‘Right here’s the deal: In case you don’t resolve your points with the Palestinians and finish the occupation, and resolve your excellent points with Arab international locations, you received’t understand your unimaginable potential,’ ” he mentioned. “You’ll have a spartan life-style, you’ll should go to battle on a regular basis, and the world could isolate you — the diplomatic tsunami. And it’s inarguable that within the final 10 years, Netanyahu has damaged this paradigm.”
But, on the similar time, Mr. Netanyahu has fueled and directed the best wing’s animosity at predominantly liberal establishments just like the courts, the police, increased schooling and the information media. To the left, Israeli democracy is on the defensive. To the ethnonationalist proper, which succeeded final yr in enshrining Israel’s self-definition because the nation-state of the Jews in a fundamental regulation, it’s in want of an adjustment.
“Someone informed me that Israel went actually far on the democracy facet, and now we’ve to rebalance it,” mentioned Dahlia Scheindlin, a liberal pollster and author. “They see it as a corrective, that Israel has too wholesome a democracy.”
Some, together with Mr. Gantz, have warned that Mr. Netanyahu was headed down a path towards a regime like that of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey.
Mr. Pfeffer mentioned Israel was not there but.
“These different international locations don’t have the establishments that may indict the prime minister,” he mentioned. “It hasn’t occurred right here; the media and judiciary are nonetheless sturdy. However when you erode democracy, you make it a lot simpler for the incumbent to win.”