China has mentioned it would impose tariffs on $60bn (£46bn) of US items from 1 June, extending a bilateral commerce warfare.
The transfer comes three days after the US greater than doubled tariffs on $200bn of Chinese language imports.
The escalation despatched inventory markets down, with the Dow Jones Industrial Common closing greater than 600 factors decrease.
US President Donald Trump had warned China to not elevate levies however Beijing mentioned it might not swallow any “bitter fruit” that harmed its pursuits.
China has raised tariffs on greater than 5,000 US merchandise, with the brand new charges starting from 5% to 25%.
Gadgets affected embrace beef, lamb and pork merchandise, in addition to numerous kinds of greens, fruit juice, cooking oil, tea and occasional.
Chinese language international ministry spokesman Geng Shuang instructed a information briefing in Beijing that China would “by no means give up to exterior stress”.
Inventory markets in each Europe and the US fell.
The Dow Jones completed 2.25% decrease whereas the S&P 500 ended 2.49% down and the Nasdaq index misplaced three.four%. In London, the FTSE closed zero.5% decrease, whereas the primary indexes in Frankfurt and Paris had been greater than 1% decrease.
The newest spherical of US-Chinese language commerce negotiations led to Washington on Friday with out a deal.
The US argues that China’s commerce surplus with the US is the results of unfair practices, together with state help for home corporations.
It additionally accuses China of stealing mental property from US companies.
In addition to ordering a tariff improve on $200bn value of Chinese language imports, Mr Trump additionally directed the US commerce division “to start the method of elevating tariffs on basically all remaining imports from China”, estimated to be valued at round $325bn.
Although on Monday, Mr Trump mentioned that he had “not decided” on whether or not to go forward with these extra levies.
Regardless of failing to achieve a deal final week, Mr Trump mentioned on Monday that the US has “an excellent relationship” with China. He mentioned the 2 sides would discuss on the subsequent G20 summit which takes place in Japan on 28-29 June.
“Possibly one thing will occur,” he mentioned. “We’ll be assembly, as you realize, on the G20 in Japan and that’ll be, I feel, in all probability a really fruitful assembly.”
Earlier, the president had warned China towards a tit-for-tat response to the US’s actions final week.
“China shouldn’t retaliate – will solely worsen!” Mr Trump tweeted shortly earlier than information of the Chinese language choice got here.
Mr Trump additionally mentioned China had “taken so benefit of the US for therefore a few years”.
He added that US customers might keep away from the tariffs by shopping for the identical merchandise from different sources.
“Many tariffed corporations will likely be leaving China for Vietnam and different such nations in Asia. That is why China needs to make a deal so badly!” he mentioned.
Mr Trump’s method within the dispute has put him at odds along with his personal prime financial adviser, Larry Kudlow, who has mentioned “either side will endure”.